ClickCease What is FTP? - IT Monks Agency
November 3, 2023 | edited: April 9, 2024

File Transfer Protocol is a technology that allows users to transfer files between computers over a network.

At its core, File Transfer Protocol is a standard network protocol used for transmitting files from one computer to another. It serves as the foundation for transferring files over the internet, enabling individuals and businesses to easily share and distribute data. FTP provides a reliable and secure method of file transfer, making it an essential tool for various industries.

So how does FTP work? Well, it involves two primary components: a client and a server. The client is the software or applicationApplicationA software program designed to perform specific functions or tasks on electronic devices, such as smartphones and tablets, computers, and smart TVs.
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used to initiate the file transfer, while the server is the computer that hosts the files to be transferred. The client sends commands to the server, instructing it to perform various file transfer operations.

One of the key advantages of File Transfer Protocol is its versatility. It supports different operating systems, making it compatible with a wide range of devices and platforms. Whether you are using Windows, macOS, or LinuxLinuxAn open-source, Unix-like operating system kernel that forms the core of numerous operating systems known as Linux distributions or simply “Linux distros.” It was created by Linus Torvalds in 1991 and has since become one of the most widely used and influential pieces of software in the world.
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, you can easily utilize FTP to transfer files between computers.

Furthermore, File Transfer Protocol offers various modes of operation to suit different requirements. The two most commonly used modes are the “active” mode and the “passive” mode. In active mode, the client initiates the connection and specifies the data port for the server to use. In passive mode, the server provides the client with the data port to use, making it easier to traverse firewalls and network address translation (NAT) devices.

Security is of utmost importance when it comes to file transfer. File Transfer Protocol addresses this concern by offering secure variations of the protocol, such as FTPS (FTP over SSLSSLSecure Sockets Layer is a cryptographic protocol that ensures secure communication between a client and a server.
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/TLS) and SFTP (SSH File Transfer Protocol). These secure protocols encrypt the data being transmitted, ensuring that it remains secure and protected from unauthorized access.

FTP has found applications in various industries and use cases. Web developers often use FTP to upload website files to a web serverWeb ServerHosts and delivers web pages.
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, allowing them to make changes and updates to the site easily. Content creators and designers use FTP to transfer large media files, such as images and videos, to clients or collaborators. Additionally, businesses rely on FTP for secure file sharing within their organization or with external partners.


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