HTML, short for Hypertext Markup Language, is the cornerstone of the World Wide Web and the fundamental language used to create and structure content on web pages. Developed in the early 1990s by Tim Berners-Lee, the inventor of the World Wide Web, HTML provides a standardized way to describe the layout, formatting, and presentation of information in a web document.
At its core, HTML is a markup language, which means it uses a set of tags or elements to define the various components of a web page, such as text, images, links, headings, paragraphs, lists, forms, and more. These tags are enclosed in angle brackets, such as <html>, <head>, <title>, <body>, <p>, <img>, and <a>, and they provide instructions to web browsers on how to render and display the content.
The structure of an HTML document typically includes a <head> section for metadata like the page title and character encoding, and a <body> section that contains the visible content users see in their browsers. HTML documents can be created using simple text editors and saved with the “.html” file extension.
The evolution of Hypertext Markup Language has led to various versions, with HTML5 being the latest and most widely adopted. HTML5 introduced numerous enhancements, including native support for multimedia elements like audio and video, improved semantic tags for better document structure, and enhanced support for mobile devices and responsive web design.