What is Backend in WordPress Development?

Our related services

The backend of a WordPress website is the central hub that allows you to manage various aspects of your site. It’s where you can handle content, users, settings, and plugins. With this interface, you can effortlessly add new posts and pages, alter the theme, and tweak your site’s settings to suit your preferences. Additionally, the backend provides access to the WordPress database, which allows you to track statistics and analytics related to your site’s performance. Let’s discuss what WordPress backend is, how to customize ire, and make it more secure.  

What is Backend in WordPress Development?

How to Access The Backend in WordPress?

WordPress backend is also called the admin area, accessible only to users logged in to your website. This is where you can configure your website, add themes and plugins, and generate content. 

It’s set as the default settings that you can access the backend of your WordPress website by adding /wp-admin/ at the end of your website URL. 

The WordPress backend includes a set of modules for managing your website’s functionality and content. These modules include: 

  • Posts” is where you can find all articles published on your website. This is the place where you can create new posts, edit or delete the already published articles. 
  • Media” is a section where you can upload media files and manage the visuals that are already available in your website’s backend. 
  • Pages” is where you can create/edit/delete all static pages of your website. 
  • The “Comments ” section lists all comments published on your website. You can approve or deny comments. 
  • Appearance” is where you manage themes, menus and widgets on your website. 
  • Plugins” tab features external applications you can install and activate on your website. 
  • Users” refers to people accessing your website’s admin area. You can add new users, edit their roles, and delete users whenever it’s needed. 
  • Tools” is where you can import or export content and manage personal data. 
  • Setting” is where you can manage your website’s settings. 

What is Backend Development?

Although it may not be visible to the users, backend development is significant in web development. It is responsible for creating and maintaining the backend database where all data is stored, enabling the dynamic generation of content on the frontend.

Moreover, backend development is crucial in organizing data to ensure easy access and retrieval, particularly for large websites with complex data structures. A well-organized backend facilitates efficient data handling, essential for seamlessly displaying information on the frontend.

Backend development encompasses the server side of web development that primarily deals with the storage and manipulation of data. In essence, it is the foundation that enables all front-end website elements to function seamlessly.

To simplify the concept, let’s use the iceberg analogy. The front-end of a website is comparable to the visible tip of an iceberg that users interact with when visiting a website. However, the backend is the massive, submerged portion that remains unseen but crucial to the website’s overall functionality.

Backend development is critical in ensuring that websites operate smoothly and efficiently. This involves designing, building, and maintaining the database, server, and application that form the backbone of a website’s infrastructure. It also addresses security, scalability, and performance issues to guarantee optimal user experience.

Frontend vs Backend

The front end of a website is the part the public can see and interact with, while the backend is accessible only to authorized users. You can consider it the difference between a store’s front and back doors. The front door is where customers enter to purchase goods or services, while the back door is reserved for staff and leads to areas such as storage rooms, offices, and refrigeration units that are not visible to customers.

Similarly, the backend of a website is where website owners and their teamwork on setting up the website and adding content, while the front end is what visitors see when they log on – the finished product. In other words, the front end is the user interface that visitors interact with, while the backend is where the website’s functionality and data are managed.

Simply put, the front end is the face of the website visitors interact with, while the backend is the engine that powers it. The two are equally essential in creating a successful website that provides a seamless and satisfying user experience.

User Roles

As previously mentioned, the backend of a WordPress site is accessible only to authorized personnel. By default, three user roles in WordPress determine the level of access to the backend:

  • Subscribers can only read content on the website and cannot create or edit any content themselves.
  • Contributors can create and edit content but cannot publish it live on the website.
  • Administrators have complete control over a WordPress website, including the ability to create, edit, and delete content and manage users.

Changing user roles is vital for safeguarding the site’s backend. For example, giving a new employee contributor access allows them to create and edit content, but they may not have the authority to publish it live until reviewed. Similarly, changing an administrator’s user role to a subscriber prevents them from changing the site’s content or settings if they no longer need backend access.

To modify a user’s role, navigate to the ‘Users’ section of the WordPress dashboard, select the user, choose the new user role from the ‘Role’ drop-down menu, and click ‘Update User.’

WordPress Backend Customization

After learning the fundamentals of WordPress backend development, let’s explore some techniques to customize the backend of your site to suit your preferences best.

One way to customize the backend is by changing the color scheme of the WordPress admin panel. Improving the backend’s visual appeal or aligning it with your site’s branding can be beneficial. To modify the color scheme, navigate to the ‘Users’ section of your dashboard and select the ‘Your Profile’ tab. Then, scroll down to the ‘Admin Color Scheme’ section, choose the desired color scheme from the drop-down menu, and click ‘Update Profile’ to save your modifications.

Adding custom fields is another way to tailor your WordPress site’s backend. Custom fields allow you to incorporate additional information into your posts and pages. This is useful for storing data that doesn’t fit into any of the existing post or page fields. To add a custom field, access the ‘Edit Post’ or ‘Edit Page’ screen, scroll down to the ‘Custom Fields’ section, and click on the ‘Add New Custom Field’ button. Enter the name and value of your custom field, add as many custom fields as you need, and click ‘Update’ to save your changes.

You can also personalize your WordPress site’s backend by adding custom Dashboard Widgets. Dashboard Widgets are small content blocks that appear on the WordPress dashboard. They can be utilized to show recent posts, upcoming events, or any other data that you want to be easily accessible to backend users. To add a custom Dashboard Widget, navigate to the ‘Appearance’ section of your WordPress dashboard, select the ‘Widgets’ sub-menu, locate the widget you want to include in the list of available widgets, and drag it into one of the widget areas. After adding all the desired widgets, click ‘Save Changes’ to preserve your modifications.

Final Words

To summarize, the backend interface of a website plays a vital role in managing and controlling various aspects of a website. Through its numerous pages, website administrators can easily create, edit, and publish content, manage multimedia assets, improve SEO, moderate comments, expand website functionality, optimize website performance, and customize essential settings to meet their needs.

Let’s discuss your project
Get quote
More articles by themes
Many websites need a solution for individuals to connect with them, whether they are customers, prospective clients, or loyal...
When choosing the right business website domain name, there are several important rules. These rules will help you create...
Businesses can have a significant benefit from selling to existing customers. Targeting new buyers is also important for your...


Feel free to reach out! We are excited to begin our collaboration!
Alex Osmichenko
Alex Osmichenko
WordPress Expert
Clutch Logo
Reviewed on Clutch

Send a Project Brief

Fill out and send a form. Our Advisor Team will contact you promptly!

    Note: We will not spam you and your contact information will not be shared.